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isweek - MEMS Commercialization Report Card, Episode 3: Technology Clusters

MEMS Commercialization Report Card, Episode 3: Technology Clusters

Episode 2 in the September 26, 2014 affair of lpg gas sensor Weekly Newsletter began the all-embracing assay of 14 capacity in the MEMS Commercialization Report Card bazaar assay activity while Episode 2 offered assay of Architecture for Accomplishment and Marketing. This week, Episode 3 provides a absolute appraisal of Technology Clusters. Actuality we focus efforts on alone one affair back the after-effects of the MEMS Commercialization Report Card from a accurately angle accept afflicted me to ambition to accommodate added accomplishments on this affair and some of the accepted clusters and their activities. By alarmingly assessing the verbatims on this topic, it was absolutely axiomatic there needs to be some "education" on this topic. Cluster Development First actuality are the grades: 2013 Grade=C+, 2012 Grade= C+, Change=0, S.D.=1.8 (based on 85 acknowledging inputs). Next, accredit to amount 1 below. Fig. 1: Array Development has maintained its C+ brand from 2012 and is conceivably the a lot of blurred and/or not accepted affair of the absolute 14 Report Card capacity based on assay of the verbatims. Fig. 1: Array Development has maintained its C+ brand from 2012 and is conceivably the a lot of blurred and/or not accepted affair of the absolute 14 Report Card capacity based on assay of the verbatims. Intro Since I began tracking this affair with the 2003 Report Card, facilitated as a aftereffect of a cardinal business assay abstraction I conducted on technology clusters for the Accompaniment of Michigan's Bread-and-butter Development Corporation, the grades accept assorted amid C+ to B+ with the 2013 brand accepting C+ (Fig. 1) and a accepted aberration of 1.38 over the 11 years of tracking the grades.

I accept these characterless grades provided by the bazaar assay participants afresh abide due to the abridgement of newly-formed clusters in the accomplished brace of years and aswell based on the abridgement continuing akin of abutment of absolute clusters, abnormally in the US. Additionally, based on the 85 accurately inputs that I accustomed as allotment of this study, it is absolutely credible to me that the abstraction of clusters is not able-bodied known. Micro and Nano clusters are a cogent article in the European Association to the point breadth they accept accomplished a "Cluster of Clusters", acceptation that they brought calm several technology clusters from assorted locations of the EU and formed this "cluster of clusters". The abstraction of clusters has existed for centuries. As aboriginal as 500 BC the Greek city-state of Miletus existed as a array in accomplishment absolute products. Automated clusters accept existed back the alpha of the automated revolution. Technology clusters aboriginal become arresting in the Route 128 breadth of Boston in the aboriginal 1940s to abutment the US aggressive captivation in Apple War II. Then, Silicon Valley saw its aboriginal technology array advance to abutment the brief advance of the semiconductor industry in the aboriginal 1960s. The breezy conception and development of these clusters is a above agitator in the acknowledged bread-and-butter development of these regions and the technologies produced therein. Clusters are authentic as bounded concentrations of firms, food and accompanying industries and specialized institutions that action in a accurate acreage in a nation, state, city-limits or region. Array accumulation has been accurate to accommodate organizations aural the array with aggressive advantages in the bazaar as a aftereffect of added cost-efficiencies and faster time to market. I've taken some of Harvard Business School's array authority Professor Michael Porter's concepts and created my own array archetypal specific to micro and nanotechnology. Cluster Benefits The allowances that arise from clusters for their participants are many. Porter has accounting abundant on how clusters actualize aggressive advantage for its participants. This emanates from the adeptness of the array participants to allotment advice on both a bookish and, added importantly, breezy basis. The accord of the bookish acreage (IP) core, the abstruse university, provides a above antecedent of awful accomplished technologists to abutment absolute or spun-out organizations. The array aswell provides clean-room and added technology and accomplishment accessories with their acquiescent operators for basic bound organizations to use on an as-needed basis, thereby eliminating ample overhead. Cluster All-important Elements Micro and nano-system clusters crave capacity agnate to added clusters, i.e., bookish acreage creation, not alone as account and patents, but aswell through people's acquaintance and know-how. I agree this to a three-legged stool. All of these elements charge to abide at acceptable levels for the conception of a acknowledged array or the stool collapses.

Intellectual Acreage Creation Most top technology clusters accept formed about centers of bookish property, either through federally-funded laboratories and/or through assay universities. Bookish Acreage is authentic actuality in a added accepted and all-embracing faculty that goes above patents. Accepted ability and acquaintance of architecture and processes is of abundant amount and can be transferred with beneath barricade than that associated with patents. Humans who accept formed for these institutions who are able with abundant account and an ambitious spirit circuit out of electrochemical gas sensors these engagements and seek opportunities for greater acclaim and fortune. These humans ambition to not move themselves and their ancestors but rather to yield advantage of the business and amusing basement aural what they've developed. Therefore, they set up their businesses in abutting adjacency to their above employer. Without the humans and their talents and treasures, there can be no conception of new businesses, which are the base of the cluster. Cluster Allotment Sources The apple of basic accumulation has no concrete boundaries as investment firms are consistently gluttonous the best risk/reward tradeoff opportunities. However, there is a animal addiction to ambition to plan as abutting to home to aerate plan efficiency. Therefore, there is a addiction for investment firms to accept offices in abutting adjacency to array areas. A case in point: Silicon Valley and Boston. In the case of the beforehand cluster, Boston, investments were fabricated out of New York City, the US banking capital.

The added appearance was to set up offices in the Boston areas and for Boston-based banking institutions to actualize adventure arms. In the case of Silicon Valley, afresh beforehand investors came from the outside, e.g., Boston and New York, afore a cogent banking basement was set up locally in Northern California. Allotment sources charge not be physically amid with a array but it absolutely helps affairs if they do. Also, although the breezy clusters of Route 128 and Silicon Valley accept accustomed no absolute federal funds added than aggressive affairs from the Department of Defense, a lot of microsystems clusters accept either absolute investments in assay and/or accessories or favorable tax considerations from their bounded governments. Cluster Infrastructure A analytical claim to accomplish aggressive advantage is the actuality of a animal resources, plant, equipment, and casework infrastructure. The availability of these assets can abate time to bazaar and artefact development costs. The bounded availability of acquiescent legal, banking and business professionals in accession to technicians, apparatus operators, designers, and a ample spectrum of consultants is critical. In the case of basic accelerated industries like the semiconductor and microsystems industries, the availability of assay and development accessories and prototyping accessories is of cogent importance. Typically, new companies tend to be fabless and charge the abutment of a well-run and absolutely able development manufacturing/foundry facility. Large-scale assembly accessories are about not necessary. The abutting adjacency of technicians, account personnel, applications engineers, and raw materials, gases, chemicals, etc., is analytical to abutment these facilities. These requirements accept been somewhat mitigated as a aftereffect of the contempo acceptance of microsystems foundries. Case Studies Many Micro and nano-systems clusters accept been formed in Europe, North America, and Asia. Micro and nano-systems clusters crave abounding of the aforementioned capacity as added technology based clusters. We focus our comments actuality on several of the added acknowledged clusters that are established. I accept that the accretion acceptance of the allotment of these new entities and connected allotment of beforehand formed clusters is due to the accomplished success of the clusters to actualize jobs and the consistent conception of new businesses in the arena which translated into tax revenues for the arena and country. Dortmund, Germany: The aboriginal microsystems cluster, created in 1989 was fueled by bookish acreage from the Abstruse University at Dortmund and adjourned by the bounded German government.

This array exists to this day accepting a lot of acknowledged in its abutment developing above microsystems players including Steag Microparts (acquired by Boeringer Mannheim in 2004) who has developed nebulizers for asthma patients, and H.L. Planar (acquired by Measurement Specialties in 2005) who has a ample portfolio of MST technologies and is currently in ample aggregate assembly of angle sensors for automotive applications. Dortmund is aswell the breadth of IVAM, which was founded in 1995 and is a arch microsystems development barter alignment that supports this array as able-bodied as added organizations accepting currently over 300 associates in over 20 countries. IVAM provides a communications arch amid suppliers and users of top tech articles and casework in charge of apprenticeship and advice in the fields of microtechnology, nanotechnology and avant-garde materials. University of Washington Microfabrication Facility: Originally founded in 1997 beneath the Washington Technology Center (WTC) and transferred to the University of Washington in 2011, the MFF has had 55 companies and 31 assay groups associated with it and application its artifact facilities. Its mission plan is to breeding the conception and assimilation of jobs in Washington-based companies by accretion the capability and abilities of those companies to acclimate and arrange technology that leverages the investment fabricated in assay at the accompaniment universities, i.e. University of Washington, Washington State, Eastern, Western, and Central Washington Universities. Companies served to date cover Micronics, Microvision, Combimatrix, Lumera (now allotment of Gigoptix), Trace Detect, Therus, EOSpace, Ionographics, Silicon Designs, Blue View Technologies, New Light Industries, MesoSystems, and Neah Power. These and added companies represent the conception of over 400 new jobs. To date, $1.6M has been invested by the accompaniment of Washington, and the ability has continued its ability to abounding US- and Canadian–based organizations. The ambition of its multi-phased development affairs has been to codify and actualize a arrangement of absorbed parties including companies, bookish institutions, and government agencies who are committed to exploring technology development and commercialization of micro- and nano-technology. State of Michigan: The archetype of bookish acreage in the array is appropriately annoyed with the accomplished plan on micro- and nano-systems at the University of Michigan (through its Wireless Integrated Microsystems and Sensors Center) and, Michigan State, Michigan Tech and Wayne Accompaniment University. ISSYS was the aboriginal bartering Microtechnology aggregation to be founded out of University of Michigan. Added notable startups cover Handylab (bioMEMS), Sensicore (bioMEMS), ePack (MEMS packaging), and Tessera (RF MEMS).

Bookish acreage for all of the new startups was accountant from the University of Michigan. R&D artifact for the companies has primarily been accurate by the University of Michigan through its above laboratories and through afresh completed Laurie Nanomanufacturing Ability at its Ann Arbor campus. Wayne Accompaniment University in Detroit aswell has a cogent assay and development ability at its Smart Sensors and Integrated Microsystems Center and has spawned a amount of startups in this acreage absorption primarily on biomed applications. Microtech Sudwest/Baden-Wurttemberg/Freiburg Germany: The Microtech Sudwest Array (MST BW) has IMTEK and its Department of Microsystems Engineering beneath the administration of Prof. Roland Zengerle, founded in 1995 as a amount antecedent for IP. The array is comprised of 350 associates including 12 college apprenticeship institutes with 40 microsystems professorships and 18 added assay institutes boasting over 1,200 accurate employees. Its automated associates cover Bosch, Daimler and Roche Diagnosis with 57% (200) of the participants accepting SMEs and 7% (25) accepting startups. Roughly one in seven patents accepted common in the microsystems acreage comes from this array region. In January 2010, the German Federal Ministry of Apprenticeship and Assay called MST BW as one of 5 winners of the awful celebrated Arch Edge Array Competition consistent in an 80-million Euros admission award. Minatec-Grenoble France: This array was clearly created in 2006 with its framework acceding accustomed in 2002 if I aboriginal visited there and met with the Minatec Director Jean-Claude Gilbert who currently holds this position. During my a lot of contempo appointment in March 2011, the fields that were actually inhabited by beasts during my aboriginal appointment accept angry into a gigantic circuitous of three assay organizations, three assay universities, and 20 companies, all on the sprawling 20-hectare campus that provides over 70,000 aboveboard meters of workspace and over 10,000 aboveboard meters of cleanrooms. The array has 2,400 researchers, 1,200 students, and 600 automated and technology alteration specialists. It has an operating account above 300-million Euros. Some of the abounding companies spun out of this array cover STMicroelectronics, Tronics, Memscap, E2v, Sofradir, Ulis, MicroOled, Movea, and, the newcomer, ISORG. Europe is accepting better, US is not. This is a abstraction that is able-bodied above the all-inclusive majority of administration and accommodation makers, yet the ability is unmistakable. Europe still leads in this area. But actual little is accident in the US. Some clusters are basic but we charge more. Clusters abundantly complete and growing boring worldwide.

Haven't heard any new account on this for MEMS. Added industries are benefiting. The MEMS Industry needs to antechamber more. Efforts in Ohio and New York assuming some traction. Summary Micro and nano-systems clusters accept accurate themselves to be able facilitators to the acknowledged commercialization of these MEMS technologies. They actually accept created hundreds of companies common and bags of top accomplishment and top paying jobs. Their bread-and-butter development advance and added aggressive advantage objectives accept added than been met. We apprehend the assiduity of abutment for both absolute micro and nano-systems clusters in the approaching and the conception of added clusters to advice facilitate the acknowledged commercialization of these technologies worldwide. Furthermore, I accept that the abstraction of clusters is not as able-bodied accepted as it is thoroughly accepted by the MEMS community, as a accurately declared "not abiding what this means" and to use a accurately on the affair which sums up the situation: "this is a affair that is above the all-inclusive majority of administration and accommodation makers, yet the ability is unmistakable." Now accord that being a cigar.

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  • آخرین ویرایش:جمعه 23 آبان 1393
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